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Civil science can play a role in solving agricultural problems



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IMAGE: An international group of more than three dozen researchers published an article showing the potential of civil science to address topical issues of scientific research in the agricultural and food systems. One …
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Credit: Loren Nichols, NC State University

An international group of more than three dozen researchers published an article showing the potential of civil science to address topical issues of scientific research in the agricultural and food systems. One key to achieving this endeavor is to strengthen connections between researchers, civil engineering and the efforts to expand agriculture.

"We define civil science as researchers, not as scientists, but as researchers who play an important role in designing, collecting, or disclosing data," says Sean Ryan, author of the publication. "Although civil science is popular in recent decades, there are some examples that can be called civil science 3500 years ago, ancient China, not a new idea.

Ryan, a professor of civil science at the University of North Carolina and a professor at the University, said: "Our goal was to find out how modern civil science has helped solve important agricultural and food-related issues." Tennessee Institute of Agriculture. "Did the science of civilization help solve the global problem of feeding the growing population in a changing climate?

For the purpose of evaluating the state of civil science in agricultural research, researchers have analyzed hundreds of scientific papers and made dozens of examples from plant pests and pathogens to address biodiversity and ecosystem services. Researchers also focused on a number of projects that have not yet been published in academic journals.

According to Ryan, "in all areas, we have seen that civil science is used to achieve scientifically sound results to solve real world issues and to attract the community."

In particular, researchers believe that when this research is well thought out, the science of the science can achieve great results, make the research project much more profitable and allow researchers to expand their learning.

"For example, collecting farmers or peasants can provide researchers with access to a wide range of geographical areas, often in areas where researchers are unavailable," says Ryan.

Another major idea of ​​employment is the expansion of agriculture and the ability of civilian practitioners to learn from each other, and such partnerships have the potential to address the problems of agricultural research.

"The Ag extension is aimed at linking growers and researchers with the results of these studies," says Ryan. "It's more profitable than dealing with farmers because it's important for them to understand what these values ​​really are and to encourage growers to cope with these issues. science has great potential for the development of agrarian science. «

In addition, researchers have the potential to fill the role of civilization in at least partly part of the world without expanding service. For example, experienced farmers can help farmers to carry out research work to deal with farmers through dealing with farmers.

"Finally, civilian researchers are thinking of looking at agriculture," says Ryan. "We hope agricultural researchers consider civil science as a viable tool for improving their work, and we see a lot of cooperation and links between expanding civil science and agriculture."

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An article entitled "The Role of Civil Science in Solving Big Problems in Food and Agricultural Research" was published Works of Royal Society. The author of the report is Rob Denn, Professor of Applied Ecology at NC State. The article provides a complete list of authors.

Job Support came from NC State University Plant Science Initiative; State National College of Agriculture and Life Sciences; National Science Foundation, grant 1319293; and the United States Food and Agriculture National Food and Agricultural Institute, 2017-67012-26999.

Civic research projects aimed at food and agriculture development:

Pieris project

Purpose: To attract the public to collect the only invader agricultural malicious butterflies from around the globe – small cabbage white (Pieris rapae). These collections help researchers understand how to adapt to changes in the body's environment, and to understand the distribution of this butterfly on the planet. (Think about 23 & Me, but with butterflies.)

Contact: Sean Ryan

Link: http: // www.pierisproject.org /

Cape civilian science

Purpose: To engage the public in researching the microbes that kill plants in natural and extraterrestrial areas in the western coast of South Africa. The project extends the knowledge about the diversity and distribution of the major groups of microscopic organisms, leading to major sowing diseases around the world.

Contact person: Joe Hullbert

Link: http: // citsci.co.za /

Sourdough project

Purpose: To analyze and compare the microbial community from boomers from around the world. The results help researchers understand how bacteria and bacon can affect bread taste and taste and help develop additional civil science projects to enrich public school curricula.

Contact: [email protected]

Link: http: // robdunnlab.com /projects /acid /

TreeSnap

Purpose: To give the public the opportunity to use a convenient mobile application to detect and report trees that are of interest to scientists. Citizens with existing public tree harvesting programs pay special attention to the species affected by invasive insects and diseases, such as North American ash, American chestnut, Eastern and Caroline Gels, and American sciences. Scientists use data to explore the surviving trees that can survive genetic threats and collect seeds to preserve the genetic diversity of species in the living environment.

Contact: Margaret Staton

Link: https: //trees.org /

NC State University Agroecology Education Farm

Purpose: The Agroecology Educational Farm is an educational farm that grows organic cereals that help students feed on their campus by innovative partnerships with NC State & # 39; s Dinner Services. At the same time, farm workers help to create environmental news about the agro-industrial system. Although people outside the rally can not directly participate, the farm accepts charity and accepts the scenery that can be repeated elsewhere.

Contact: Alison Reeves

Link: https: //agroecology.wordpress.ncsuedu /

Big Pumpkin Project

Purpose: to document pests, pathogens and pollinators of pumpkin and her relatives.

Contacts: Laurie Shapiro

Link: http: // studentsdiscover.org /lesson /Bigger pumpkin project /

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