Tuesday , August 16 2022

Climate change already exists, and heat waves have a great impact



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Older people in Europe and the eastern Mediterranean are most vulnerable due to aging and urban populations.

In the last report, Europe has experienced more than 65% of the 42% and 43% in the Eastern Mediterranean. 38% of this group is vulnerable in Africa and 34% in Asia.

The report highlights the current public health enhancement, including reducing productivity, lowering crop yields, and reducing the spread of pneumonia and cholera. Researchers from 27 research institutes, including the United Nations, united universities and research centers and researchers.

Current changes in thermal waves and labor productivity provide "preliminary warnings on complex and predictable effects on the health of the population, if the temperature rises," says Hillary Graham, Health Sciences Professor She took part in the report at York University in Great Britain.

How does climate change affect the country?

In 2017, 157 million people have been exposed to global warming to vulnerable groups and lost 153 billion hours of work due to heat.

From 2004 to 2016, the United States saw an increase in frequent and prolonged heat waves and vector diseases such as mosquito, raw and flea illness, such as recurrence of Lewma and West Nile virus. Disease Control and Prevention Centers.

Dr Nick Watts, Executive Director of The Lancet Countdown said "this is not something that is happening in the year 2050, but today we are not seeing it."

"It has a negative impact on high and low-income countries," said Elizabeth Robinson, Professor of Environmental Economics at the University of Reading. It just looks different ways, he said.

The first report of the first series released last year has analyzed factors such as climate change and health impacts, health effects, mitigation attitudes, financial and public participation, which monitor the relationships between five areas of climate change and five health sectors.

Robinson explained that "there are many variations every year, but in the future, the" trend has risen ", which shows more and more heat wave events. Likewise, the number of vulnerable individuals is "increasing in time."

Some progress, but not enough

Prospective trends have been observed, such as the growth of renewable energy, with jobs in this sector being increased by 5.7% from 2016 to 2017. However, investment in renewable energy sources is still "unnecessary when it is necessary to reach 1.5 degrees" – Paul, a professor of resources and environmental policy at the University of London College, who has agreed on a climate consensus in Paris with an average temperature rise of 1.5 degrees Celsius at the Industrial Revolution level, He said.

Some positive trends have been identified in the form of phase and clean coal transportation methods. However, the use of coal by 2040 should be used to achieve targets at the level of 20%.

Americans worry about climate change
Dr. Renee Salas, an ambulance doctor at the Massachusetts State Hospital, Writing an American chapter on the Lancet report, it is a message of hope, as the event is underway, but "climate change is currently affecting the health of the country." This is the result of the fourth National Climate Assessment Report announced by the White House on Friday.
This year there was a record summer in many parts of the world, which is much higher than most of the population. According to recent research, Watt has shown that as a result of climate change, 2018 heat waves can be doubled to Europe. "It is difficult to identify the attributes of each event, but it is an example of what would happen if such events did not respond quickly to climate change," he said.

The study found that the average global population between 1986 and 2017 was at an average of 0.8 degrees Celsius. The global temperature change for this period was 0.3 degrees Celsius. This indicates that "aging of the population is growing and moving to areas affected by climate change".

Salas said, "By the end of the century, we save thousands of lives every year, and hundreds of billions of dollars into health."

Disease and morbidity prevalence

Slight change in temperature and precipitation as well as the spread of infectious diseases, the report said.

For example, Since 1950 the level of Dengiz's virus has increased by 7.8%.

2100 cities exceed pollutant levels that provide climate change
As reported in the report, the seasonal power of the Aedes attack is the main types of Zika, Dangue and Chikungunya – and its propagation is extended and reinforced.

In 2016, the highest levels of record-breaking performance have been achieved, and the spread of greenhouse gas emissions is expected.

Christie Ebbi, a professor of global health at the University of Washington, said the geographical distribution of the mosquito, which can be transported to Dangue, Zika and chikunguya, "has risen sharply." He does not see the impact of researchers individually, but has highlighted the broad spectrum of climate change.

The level of global cholera bacteria is also worrying. The favorable growth trend for bacteria leading to vibration, viruses and other diseases is observed globally. The United States has witnessed a 27% increase in the coastline of the Vibrio infection in the period from 1980 to 2010.

Jina McCarthy, director of the Climate, Health, and Global Environment Center in Harvard, says: "We do not take these problems into consideration. Khan School of Health. He pointed to California fires and caused the growth of vector diseases.

Death from pollution

According to the researchers, "lack of progress" in reducing emissions threatens the lives of people and the healthcare system.

In Europe, the environment has been affected by air pollution, PM2.5, with an earlier mortality rate of less than 2.5 μm in diameter and then followed by western Pacific and South-East Asia.
Certain substances may be regulated by the airways and, according to the World Health Organization, may arise such issues as cardiovascular disease, respiration and cancer.
Climate change reduces U.S. economy and kills thousands of people

Paul Akins, Professor of the University of London College of Economics, Professor of Resources and Environmental Policy, said: "Any concept that can be any way in Europe, we should do better than other regions."

Decreased productivity

As a result of climate change, a very high temperature in the world last year was 153 billion hours, report found.

The UK summer is over 5 degrees by 2070

Only in China in 2017 will be 21 billion dollars, equal to 1.4% of the working population of the country. The clock works. Robinson says the rise in temperature "directly affects work".

Most of the labor hours were spent in much more vulnerable locations India, Southeast Asia and Sahara from South Africa and South America.

After decades of global food security improvements, the report highlights the decline in crop yields in 30 countries, including Cuba, the UAE, and Luxembourg.

In some countries, the distinction between actual plant productivity and the highest productivity proves that adverse effects of climate change prevent technological advancements, according to a 2011 study, published in Nature International.

Can we win

Wats said that more than half of the 478 global cities reporting a report – 51% – have a major impact on their health infrastructure, with extreme weather events that are directly threatening to climate change, health threats, or healthcare.

This means "systemic disorder," like Wats' closure of the hospital.

Global climate adaptation costs are 4.8% for healthcare – fewer to maintain the climatic agreement in Paris.

In low-income countries in Europe and South-East Asia, funding is very small to meet their needs.

The report raised the bet for the success, Ekins said.

As it has been agreed at the 2009 Copenhagen Climate Conference, these results are "badly outlook" because they are not moving at a speed of 2 degrees and we can not reach 1.5 degrees fast.

Wats says Lancet Countdown does not say where the world is going, but says, "By any means, the health profile of next-century countries will end."

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