Monday , September 27 2021

Nancy Roman was called the "mother" of Hubble's astronomer



Roman spent most of his career on the development, financing, and development of technology that scientists can clearly see outside the Earth's atmosphere.

"Astronomers have long sought to observe the atmosphere. It looks like an old, stained glass view of the atmosphere, "said Roman Voice of America In 2011, "There are shortcomings in glass, so the picture is far from it."

The NASA was the first launch of the so-called "first astronomical mission" and the launch of the Orbita Observatory-1 in 1962 to measure the electromagnetic radiation of the Sun.

He also coordinated a number of orbital astronomical observatories to successfully launch geodetic satellites used by scientists and engineers to successfully scale and map the Earth, and to provide an early warning of the accumulated atmospheric control technology.

But it was primarily due to the early completion of Hubble's first major telescope for space telescope, which was intended to gather photographs and data in outer space. Hubble is regarded as the most popular astronomical observation, since Galileo began to use telescope in the early 1600's.

Hubble's design and deployment has been linked to Rome's scientific, financial, and bureaucratic challenges. Hubble's initial cost of funding was $ 1.5 billion, saying he could be confident in several years of science news for the value of one ticket to each American cinema.

The Hubble space telescope will be tested in 1989.

The Hubble space telescope will be tested in 1989.Credit:SMH

"In the 1960s and early 1970's, NASA had no one, after the first projects and concepts were financed and financed by Hubble," wrote space historian Robert Zimmerman. Mirror Mirror, Hubble 's creation report. "The most important thing is this [Dr. Roman] Better than any other person who assures the astronomical community from astronomy. "

The Telescope did not work for more than a decade after its launch in Rome until 1990, when the cosmos photographed the world.

In 1994, when he announced the repair of NASA's legendary mirror and other problems, the novel, which led to the uncertainty of his early paintings, was woven in the audience.

Hubble's chief researcher, Edward J. Wylie, was surprised by her recognition, according to Zimmerman's report. "If Lumen Spitzer Hubble was the father of a space telescope," said Veylar, referring to the famous astrophysicist, "then Nancy Roman was her mother."

Nancy Grace Romance was born on May 16, 1925 in Nashville. His father was a geophysicist with the United States Geological Survey. His mother was a former musical teacher and enthusiasts of the nature who took his daughters to watch the night.

At the age of 11, he recalled the creation of an astronomical club, and Roman moved to Baltimore to work with his father and graduated high school. Born in 1946 at the Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania, and received a PhD from Astronomy from the University of Chicago in 1949.

Early life at Chicago University and the Erke Observatory in Wisconsin, he worked at the Marine Research Laboratory in 1955 and worked on radio astronomy. NASA was formed three years later, including the earliest Roman workers. He spent the last part in his career at Goddard Space Flight, Greenbelt, Maryland, where he oversaw the Astronomical Data Center.

The Aero Space Award Award and the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Award. It has helped women to expand their professional capabilities through the American women's association and often spoke at schools to encourage children to deal with the challenges of science.

Dr. Roman lived in Chevy Chase, a town in Martyn, where there were no survivors.

In 2017, Lego released a collection of four statues of NASA's four pioneer women: Sally Ride, the first American woman to travel in space; Mae Jemison, the first African-American woman in space; Margaret Hamilton, a computer programmer who designed software for Apollo missions; and Dr. Roman.

"I am glad," he said Science "I did not pay attention to many who said that I could not be an astronomer."

Washington post

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