Scientific literature is full of mutant superheroes, with unique gifts and wonderful talents. But in the real world, some ordinary people have special "forces" that pass through genes.
There are some genetic advantages that make up a very small percentage of the population. They have been created by the natural process of DNA, victims' self-muting, of the victims.
Some inherit genetic diseases, others inherit genes with special qualities.
Here are some examples of the "great power" that some people express thanks for "genetics".
1. Excellent view of underground waters
Many people are unseen when they are flooded with water. This is not because the water is damaged in any way, it is not a physical problem; the density of water is similar to that of our eyes. Thanks to this, the light differs from the net.
That's why most people can only see the air.
But the mocene population living on the coast of Thailand is located in the Andaman Sea. This tribe is called the "Gypsy Sea", and most of the years spend on bows and boats. They only come to the coast.
If you have genetically engineered genes, you will be able to see very good underground water.
This mutation is selected by the lifestyle of the tribe, which is intended to fishing in the submarine barley.
A 2003 study published in a scientific journal Current biology Mucin's genetic mutation caused a slight change in the underwater appearance of the eye.
This allows for the right distribution of light sources – they can be seen at depths, even at a depth of 20 meters.
2. Cold Resistance
Another genetic advantage common to some traditional peoples is low temperatures.
The healthy body temperature is 36.5 ° C and 37.5 ° C. Therefore, we have a chance to fight hot climates more often than cold.
The normal human body can not survive very cold, but in some human populations it has the ability to be related to their genes.
In the Arctic inhale, the Nenets, living in Russia in the north, are adapted to low temperatures.
Their bodies respond differently to cold, because they have a constitution different from that of other people.
For example, they are not as we are. They have a scalpel (they absorb skin); their skin is thicker than normal; and your metabolism is faster than other people.
These genetic features: Even if you live in the middle of the North Pole and live there for decades, you will not get the genetic mutations of this population.
3. Sleep is low
It is a peculiar thing, it does not even belong to a specific ethnic group, it is less time consuming than average person.
Several studies have shown that most people should fall asleep in the night from 7 to 9 and feel the body and mind.
Less sleep can cause psychological illness, such as health problems as well as lack of concentration.
Nonetheless, in 2014, a study published by the same twins allowed the American Academy of Initial Medicine to identify genetic mutations that would allow some to sleep for several hours.
People with mutations of the DEC2 gene will rapidly absorb the sleep phase of the REM, making them more efficient.
Six hours of sleep or shorter periods of time, these people are fully rested and ready to face the next day.
However, researchers say that it is a mutation that affects only a small proportion of the world's population, less than 1% of those who say that they have little sleep.
For this reason, if you sleep very little and think that everything is fine, and if you carry this genetic mutation, know that this is wrong: you'll need a lot of sleeping hours.
4. tight bones
Here is the genetic advantage that seems to be far out of the superhero history.
In most of the bones we lose the density and mass. The problem is known as osteoporosis and may cause fractures and deformations in the bones.
But some people have mutations in the so-called SOST, which regulates protein production, called sclerotine. It is a protein that monitors bone production and growth.
Research by researchers in Washington, DC, suggests that there are some people who have mutations in the SOST gene, and that they do not lose the bone mass when they grow.
Their bones lose weight and become tight in their lives, giving them skeletal skeletons, which are seen as younger.
This mutation in the SOST gene was found in some African descent (the descendants of former Dutch colonialists in South Africa).
Now researchers are looking for ways to repeat the effects of this mutation, while others allow them to achieve those benefits.
Adaptation to altitudes
Andean communities are talking about the lack of air that people feel at high altitudes: soup Anyone who feels this evil will not forget the word.
He is soup, or low altitude, usually causes nausea, low blood pressure, headache, and respiratory problems.
There are many ways to reduce the effects: slowly moving, not eating enough, do not spend much effort, and clean the cocoa leaf. Some people also use medicines. However, many people suffer.
But "mountain sickness" does not affect the traditional populations of mountainous regions.
Studies from the Khechua People (Andes) and Himalayan Tibetan have shown that they are genetically chosen to live in these environments.
They contain a large chest compartment than the center and have a high lung capacity, each of which gives a lot of oxygen absorption.
Moreover, many people begin to produce more red blood cells (oxygen in the blood) in less oxygen conditions, but they are less produced.
These characteristics remain even when a member of this population is at a lower altitude because of their DNA being recorded.
These mutations do not make them "superheroes." However, when the locals see that they are climbing over the mountain, they have the strength and the tourists jump to the slower summit.
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