Monday , June 5 2023

Autonomous car: who pays for an accident?


In fact, it is good: the sound carriers take passengers and transport them to the desired destination. Non-wheeled vehicles with no driver and no driver to reduce the number of accidents and injuries, as 90% of road traffic accidents are human faults.

Euphoria has come to the truth

In some cases, though, the new technique shows that it is not perfect. In Germany too. According to the representative of the German automobile federation (VDA) Marco Gust, users are not ready for much of the security systems at present. "If we have everything in an attractive, functional, comfortable technology package, then these cars can be well positioned on the market."

Gust believes the following functions are available next year. On the highway, he said: "The obstacle to the collision with the vehicle itself is self-orientation. If there is a jam, the computer controls the car at a speed of 60 km / h. In addition, by 2022, cars will be able to drive on motorways. But "we are not driving a car in a city center without a driver," Gus said.

Leading in the United States

In the United States, autonomous traffic has developed in recent years. The Road Safety Authority, NHTSA, would like to launch autonomous vehicles that will be fully processed in the near future, without interfering with people. Google has tested this technology for certain time in specific locations.

This is a four-level vehicle on a five-level scale of autonomous driving. The fifth level, where all traffic conditions and managing computer without human intervention dominate, it is purely fantastic.

From a driver to a simple observer?

"Level 1" applies to a car that runs without automation and has only simple security systems. "Level 2" semi-autonomous car already has road and parking, as well as driver's functions. Driver at Level 3 is automated. It manages machine management, but only if the technology works completely. If there are bubbles or heavy rains from the camera and the radar, for example, the system recommends monitoring people.

However, this is a problem, because "people are not always alert", – says engineer psychologist Mark Wollrat. An automated drive can distort the drive and do other things. In addition, the distribution of tasks is incomplete. "Does the driver know what he is doing and what to do?" Wollatr asked.

The psychologist found that the reaction time was significantly longer when detected. Even in an emergency, even experienced drivers have encountered difficulties. "We have three times more crash than we have in hand," he said.

Responsibility of a driver or a vehicle

Policyholders consider this aspect to be an adverse risk. That is why they require clear division of tasks between drivers and technicians at all levels.

The Federation of Government Automation and Interdependent Automation Ethics Committee, supported by Udo Di Fabio, President of the Commission. In 2017, the Commission prepared 20 theses, which will guide the technical directives. Then, in each case, the car driver must be clearly defined to be responsible for the person or the computer. "When a vehicle is operating, a person must no longer be held accountable," said Fabio, ex-fiction judge of the German Constitutional Court.

There are many conflicts when there is an accident. "If the driver needs to control the technique, then we have to deal with serious issues," he adds. Whom does it hurt during the tragedy? "If you are fully automatic, the responsibility is the manufacturer or programmer, but not with the car," explains Di Fiabo.

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