The world's largest radio telescope, climate change relief experiments, the first academic marijuana center and the genetic edition.
These are some of the major scientific themes for 2019, according to the magazines Nature.
Here are some of the exciting adventures and announcements we've been looking for in a prestigious scientific publication.
1. "Responsible" genetic publication
The world of genetics continues to discuss the history of science that shook the world of science in December: a Chinese researcher's announcement He is Jiangyu, genetically modified firstborns.
I have said that the twins are called genes "Lulu" and "Nana" human immunodeficiency virus, HIV infection prevention.
The report deserves the widest international allegations that lead to mutations that lead to international demand, depending on the threats of the genetic editing method of CRISPR.
In 2019, scientists will try to confirm the truth and look for mechanisms that ensure that the DNA editor is responsible only and confidently.
2. Space signs
It is expected that the world's largest radio telescope Spherical discovery of telescope radio 500 meters from China (FAST)Keep working full September.
Starting from the first stage in 2016, 170 million The US $ telescope has detected more than 50 new pulsars, dense deadly rotating stars.
The telescope is looking for weak signals from phenomena such as radio waves and cosmic gases clouds..
On the other hand, astronomers have to decide on the construction of a 30-meter telescope in Maine Kea in Hawaii in 2019.
The project was postponed due to local residents' objections, but in 2018, justice was abolished.
3. Solar geology
In 2018 many studies have warned of the importance of climate change. Perhaps the greatest impression "Global warming up to 1.5 degrees", The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change or the IPCC issued in October.
The report states that greenhouse gas emissions should decline over 12 years to ensure that heat does not exceed 1.5 degrees Celsius.
In 2019, the first experiments designed to understand the planet's solar power needs to be artificial cooling of geoengineering.
One of such trials is Harvard's Stratospheric Controlled Perturbation Experiment (SCoPEx).
The researchers are planning to launch a balloon at a height of 20 km calcium carbonate, commonly used mineral powder for products such as cement, toothpaste, cake mix or tablet to calm the digestion.
Harvard scientists have explained that instead of spinning the balloon, it splits into the atmosphere and creates a "damaged air mass" about one kilometer long.
The purpose is to study particle variance, which illuminate the sunlight.
In January, researchers from the United States and Great Britain started their largest joint mission in Antarctica for more than 70 years.
The aim of the five-year project is to identify the instability Thwaites glaciers it will start to decline over the next decade.
Scientists use autonomous underwater machines and set sensors in the seals to study the ocean conditions, as it is near the glaciers like Florida.
A month later, European researchers are planning to drill ice sheets on an icecase, small dome or small dome in Antarctica. 1.5 million years ago an ice cylinder.
If successful, an ice tube will be the oldest climates on our planet.
5. The truth of the collage
The 2019 decision may be a decisive year for a large Chechen colleague to set up an LHC heir of English acronym.
Physicists in Japan offered to hold this meeting International Network Collider (ILC) In 2012, after the Higgs boson was discovered, a new retail accelerator could be further explored.
But in 2018, the Japanese government criticized the project cost of about $ 7 million.
Japan is the only country that is interested in accepting the ILC, and the government of the country is expected to make a statement by March 7.
6. Biological safety ABC
Since 2004, the World Health Organization must complete the largest revision as expected Laboratory Biosafety Guidelines.
The guidelines apply worldwide and offer high risk management strategies such as Ebola.
The research focuses on risk assessment and staff training in the laboratory.
7. The center of marijuana
Canadian researchers have to see the first results of many studies on biology and cannabis cultivation.
In October 2018, Canada has legalized the cannabis for all use (the second nation in the world, after Uruguay).
This decision led to an increase in funding for research on marijuana with provincial and federal agencies.
Scientists until the end of 2019 UUniversity of Guelph Opening of the first Canadian academic center for marijuana research.
The center explores all aspects of plant life from genetics to its healthy potential.