Tuesday , June 6 2023

Suspicious places that prevented the 20th century's epidemic


There were three dirty three children on the beach. They have very high temperatures, and behind their small bodies, they found the bodies of two dead on board a small sailboat.

The group tried to escape the origin of the disease he said that the Naknek River broke down a small, isolated village in the Bristol Bay, in the Alaska gorge.

His unexpected turns on the "Diamond O" Canning Factory Alaska Packer Association Naknek means that "Spanish flu" threaten many parts of the world, reaching this distant angle of glaciers.

The adverse weather conditions in the winter months prevented anyone from coming through these payments from September to May. getting rid of the flu which affected the people of the world in 1918.

The pandemic demanded the lives of 50 to 100 million people, the total number of deaths World War I.

On the 4th of June, 1919, the boat was able to reach the local indigenous community, which included people on the Alaska coast.

The next day, the conservative's head sent the group to find out if they could help the children.

What they discovered was terrible.

According to the men's expedition, the city of Savonoski was "in a sad state" and "suffering." Almost all the smaller groups of 10 home-grown people died.


Those who were still alive and were not sure how their relatives were.

It was a repeat of a village in Alaska.

Some places Sheeps of dogs fed in dead bodies. In some settlements, 90% of its inhabitants were killed.

The Fellowship Association

However, in a small village called Egegak, a few kilometers from some districts of Bristol Bay he escaped from the disease completely.

It is surprising that Egegak is the only city in the Bristol Bay where there is no problem with the disease, "said the head of the Naknek Alaska Packaging Association assortment, JF. Hainbockel.

Other medical records show some of the Egegak residents just symptoms disease. They seem to be happy.

When the world was trying to recover from the global pandemic, conversations emerged from the virus survivors.

Many remote islands, rural settlements, wall shelters, and some schools have been out of place.

But teaching these calls to survive 'Fleeing congregations' that is possible today is very valuable because health authorities are afraid of the next pandemic of the disease.

At their lessons, the US Department of Defense's risk reduction agency considers it important. some countries in the country studied some areas that did not have Spanish flu explains how to keep soldiers safe in the future


According to the authors of the report, they are related to seven communities that survived the virus, but they have not been identified.

Howard Marcel, one of the epidemiologists and researchers at the University of Michigan, explains: "These societies have grown up in the sky.

«Nobody came and no one left. Schools closed and people did not come to see them. We came to terms with the term "theft theft" to refer to a group of healthy people from infected people.

Availability of these communities remote places In 1918, he helped to protect some lands.

This boat was only available on the Jermain Buen Island, the US naval base in San Francisco Bay. Its 6000 inhabitants are limited to the island visitors were denied access ground step


"When you open the door, the virus enters the bodies of those who reach it," says Marcel. Call & # 39; Theft Protection & # 39; This is good when you do. «

"However, today you can not afford a modern city, or even a university, which is very expensive and irritating."

Maybe immunity

Why is it so difficult to delay the occurrence of the disease? mortality rate decrease in these places. But the study has long since accumulated a virus, populations, naturally accumulating mutations reduced the ability of the disease.


Another possibility is that some people have a degree immunity against pandemic strain.

For example, in Denmark, pandemic deaths were "only" 0.2% of the population, and in Australia this figure was 0.3%. Chinese and some other people have fled due to potential immunities.

"It is well known & # 39; antigen recycle hypothesis & # 39;"says Professor Gerardo Chawell, an epidemiologist at the Georgia State University in the United States. He tried to rebuild the event that led to the pandemic in 1918.

"In some places adults have not been affected because they protect them when they have children."

Although this idea is still being discussed, it has been offered to some tips to help health care professionals deal with the future pandemic. Today, some countries offer seasonal influenza vaccines to help their population develop temporary immunity.

According to the immunologist of the University of Melbourne (Australia) Jody McWernho, it can "provide significant protection in the early stages of the new pandemic."

«You will shoot a lot of times, You will have more influence on other options you can take in the virus, "adds Marcel.


But even in places where potential immunities were experienced, its inhabitants saw some of their illnesses. This virus has reached these distant sites, but it has been a lot worse than the other parts of the world and its disease.

Success Factor?

However, the blood test in Alaska confirmed that some distant populations had never been discovered.

Gambell and Savonga, Yupik, San Lorenzo, Bering Gorge, and further to the south of Sao Paulo, no they were found traces of antibodies When the 1950s accepted the samples, it was against the 1918 virus.

Although these places were often thought to be protected by their geography, other societies took steps to isolate themselves.

Barrow and Wainwright residences in North Alaska have deployed armed guards around their villages and forbidden to walk across diverse settlements.

Scientists have suggested that when they criticize people living in remote areas in northern Alaska, they have never been uncovered – they are also released from antibodies.


It seems that most of these villages they were previously warned of the virus it was as when it was spread through Alaska.

"Some places have been warned," says the Cultural National Anthem of the Bering Berge National Park, a cultural anthropologist Nicole Bem.

"Most of the Alaska towns have not suffered from quarantine because of their movement or their distance. The societies then became ideal for food and clothing. Food and goods imported from other locations in the United States [en comparación con los de hoy] «

In the modern world, Such settlements will be much more difficult. Less places nowadays depend on goods imported from other parts of the world.


Transport networks also mean that in many places it is not really far away.

"In 1918, they knew very little about the cause of the virus or the pandemic," says Howard Marcels.

"Today we know how to deal with it: we have antivirals, hospitals with intensive care units, respirators, and many control, surveillance and surveillance systems, but we're moving faster and faster. Spread can be much faster is one of the things we can do. «

In 1918 there were some churches that survived the virus.

737 people from Fletcher, Vermont (United States), have been invited to contact with the outside world, dance, and participate in the fair in the neighboring city.

In the city of Massachusetts, the wedding of a soldier in a military camp, 28% of whom suffered from the disease, and the deaths of 757 people who were wedded in the same month.

Despite the 120 people involved, Fletcher's residents tried to shoot.

And it is good luck The biggest lesson that the Salvation Association of 1918 should offer today's medical workers. Like many community pandemic victims who use strict protection and quarantine treatments.

"Even though he knew about the flu, he did everything he could to save it," says historian Catherine Ringsmuth. "The disease went so fast that most people were unable to answer."

The downfall of the salmon dump helped Egegak's village. "It was a terrible year for the salmon, because they have so many canned salads for the war in Europe, and the number of fishes has dropped," says Ringsmuth.

"Given these circumstances, nobody has the right to go to the region," says the academic theory.

Salvation can sometimes be reduced in blindness.

This article was originally published in English for BBC Future and you can read it here.

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