Dental problems are the most common and frequent chronic illness of the population, which is one of the most important issues in healthcare, with its low impact, especially at low socioeconomic levels, as well as high cost of treatment.
Vidal Alejandro Pomés, a dental surgeon and professor of dental faculty at the University of Finca Terre, compiles dental problems frequently asked by Chileans.
1. The Titles:
It is a multifactoric chronic microbial disease characterized by the disorders of the toothache. It begins with dental enamel demineralization, ie the top surface of the toothpick creates bacteria bacteria, which are caused by acids.
They use mainly food waste from our "civilized" diet, which is rich in carbohydrates, candies, biscuits and drinks.
"After this initial attack and after the surface chemical, bacteria penetrate into the tooth structure and cause dentin disruption,Pomés explains.
According to statistics from the Ministry of Health (Minsal), emptiness begins with the first years of life and shows a significant increase in age. In 2 years, the prevalence of caries increased by 17.5%, 49.6% for 4 years, and mixed dents for 6 years, namely, temporary and defined teeth were 70.4%. At the age of 12, it is 62.5% for adults aged 65-74 and grows to 99.4%.
Gingival and periodontal diseases:
Pomés notes that there are other problems with Chile 's stylistic problems Gingivitis, which is essentially inflammation of the sand caused by the same bacterial plate as described above.
According to the academic data, if the inflammation is not monitored, the process continues with bacterial illness, the same bacterial origin.
"Gingivitis is characterized by loss of penetration of teeth, ie the loss of tissue that teeth the teeth inside the bone, If this is untreated, it will cause loss, "said the professor.
3. Dentoxaxilary abnormalities:
These are anatomical and / or functional changes that affect the dental thrombus and / or skeletal harmonic relationships of the oral cavity. According to Pomés, there are several related factors, including the genetic component, the lack of one or both sides, the number and size of the teeth, the early loss of teeth, intercroxial carditis, poor suction habits, and breathing of the oral cavity.
4. Oral Cancer:
This is a chronic and complicated process. "The main risk factors for smoking, alcohol consumption and exposure to sunlight"., Warns Pomés.
According to the Minerals, oral and malignant neoplasms account for 1.5% of men and 0.7% of women in general.
The Farmer Professor said that the professor of the stomatology faculty of the University of Terry is the key to finding strategies that combine oral hygiene and healthy eating habits. "It is a key to transferring oral health knowledge to a dentist education group. In addition, patients should periodically be referred to the dentist ", it's over.