Saturday , June 3 2023

Quantum Technology, a new war between the United States and China


Quantum scienceCopyright image rights
Getty Images

Picture caption

Quantum information science is so powerful that it changes the world.

These news only appeared in some special media.

In September last year, the United States National Science and Technology Council announced a new development strategy for Science Information Science (CIC).

The 15-page report presents the goals of the Government of Donald Tramp It is necessary to strive to develop and strengthen their capacities in agribusiness.

Academics, government officials and representatives of major technological and financial companies were invited to discuss White House strategies such as Alphabet, IBM, JP Morgan Chase, Lockheed Martin, Honeywell and Northrop Grumman.

249 million tenge will be allocated for implementation of 118 projects in this area.

On the other side of the world, The same thing happens in China.

Copyright image rights

Picture caption

China has made a great deal of money to study computing and quantum ties.

The Beijing government is creating a new one National Laboratory of Quantum Information Science in Hefei, Anhu province costs $ 10,000,000. It hopes that it will open in 2020.

It was described as the first quantum communications satellite after launch two years ago.

Last year, as reported in Jinan, about 200 users will be available to create "inhalational" communication networks: military, state and private.

  • The first Chinese quantum satellite Micius, which can revolutionize global communications
  • China's "engineered" network is unable to reach anyone's confidentiality on the Internet

The fact that two world economic giants compete in the agro-industrial complex demonstrates the importance of this industry. It is so strong that it can change the world.

What is CIC?

According to the promise of "quantum technology," information is a revolution in the processing of information, according to BBC Mundo, researcher at the Institute of Photonical Sciences in Barcelona and Quantum Information Group Alejandro Pozas-Kerstents.

"All information on binary systems – in zero and encrypted, but at the end of the 1960s, this information can be used to determine what to do with it," he explains.

"I can write classic information on a computer chip, for example, we do it now, but we can store those zeros and other subsystems, for example single atoms or small molecules«

  • What is the future of the quantum Internet and how speeds of light are created

Copyright image rights
Getty Images

Picture caption

All information on the binary system is zero-and-coded, but the place where this information is stored can change what you can do with that information.

"The rules that govern the behavior of atoms and molecules, because these atoms and small molecules have little behavior, are rules of the quantum theory of quantum theory," says the scientist.

Thus, quantum information science is the use of new quantum properties that appear in small systems improvement of information processing and dissemination tasks, among others.

The agribusiness promises revolutionary information processing, which opens new opportunities to thousands of applications in fields ranging from health and science achievements, from drug production and industrial defense to new defense systems.

Quantum technology, according to experts, "can change everything."

That's why the strongest countries in the world compete to lead the TEC.

Quantum satellite

It can be said that China has been under the leadership of quantum technology since then.

In 2016, Beijing announced that it launched the first quantum communications satellite, and a year later it was able to use the satellite. encrypted communication can not be resolved with the eyes of other people.

"There were two experiments: first, through quantum communications, and then using this satellite, the connection between the two earth points was made by a quantum encrypted signal, where the satellite made a repetition between these two points on the Earth," explains Alejandro Pozas.

Copyright image rights

Picture caption

China used its quantum satellite for encrypted communications, which was not detected by others.

This capability is not derived by classical technology or the methods used to transmit information currently available to know whether the information is captured or replaced.

While Chinese experiments proved a concept, this country could show that it was possible.

"Indeed, they have proved that they can be done, but now living standards have not been achieved scale industrial use ", – adds the researcher.

Quantum computer, "holy grail"

Also, quantum computers could not achieve this vitality.

Several companies from different countries try to develop them Although experimental, it can not be marketed.

  • Why are magic quantum computers in the cloud, but not in our hands?

"Generally a quantum computer is a sacred grail," says a researcher at the Institute of Photonic Sciences in Barcelona.

"Here, CIC's efforts are moving directly or indirectly," he adds.

Copyright image rights
Getty Images

Picture caption

All efforts in the field of CIC move to the development of quantum computer.

The classical calculator that runs on the bit controls only information in either case, zero or one (on or off).

Quantum Calculations, on the other hand, works with the superpositions of the two states and uses the subatomic particle motion for data processing. sums that can not be covered by classical calculations.

Today, though technology is fundamentally theoretically, experts say that today there are calculations that are incompatible with classic computers.

Companies in the United States, such as IBM, Google and Microsoft, develop their own quantum computers.

And China also takes place where private companies, such as Alibaba and Baidu, are involved in creating quantum computers.

Copyright image rights
Getty Images

Picture caption

Google's quantum calculations are ahead with the development of a 72-hp processor.

But these computers are not easy to build: the main problem is the number of quantum bits (qubits) that one computer can reach.

It is said Google is in the foreground Development of processor with 72 Gb capacity.

There is also a problem with maintenance. These computers should be kept at a very cold temperature for operation.

The development of quantum computers that can work at room temperature is an area of ​​research that focuses on what countries are currently focusing on.


But how does quantum technology affect the future?

As Alejandro Pozas-Kerstens explains, we expect that "such as the revolution that led to the emergence of the first computers.

Copyright image rights
Getty Images

Picture caption

Quantum calculations use the subatomic particle motion to process data in an amount that can not be processed by classical calculation.

"Preventing drug production or prototyping, or optimizing ways to fuel low fuel consumption, now allows us to do things that we can say a lot."

"This is a problem that can be resolved by a quantum computer."

But the government's greatest interest is to apply quantum technologies defense, They can not communicate safely until they find intrusive planes.

And who can say that this is the winner of the quantum competition?

As Pozas-Kerstens says this is a "multi-managed" race.

"Probably in quantum computations perhaps the United States is ahead but China can win in quantum communications."

"There are many aspects of quantum technology, and many countries are trying to promote or guide those areas."

You can now get notifications from the BBC News Worldwide Download our new version of the App and re-activate them so you do not want to get the best content available.

  • Do you know your YouTube channel? Subscribe!
Source link