London, Aug 17: People with living with HIV have a significant increase in risk of obesity, heart disease, pregnancy mortality and sepsis, anemia and bone fractures, according to a study.
For the study, published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases, researchers combined data from 20 different observational studies and examined 55 different illnesses.
They found that people living with HIV were at risk of contracting certain illnesses.
"By pooling data from different studies, we have been living in HIV, this population seems to be disproportionately affected by chronic illnesses smoking, drug and alcohol use or more commonly associated with older population, "said study researcher Lee Smith from Anglia Ruskin University in the UK.
Although HIV is declining, about 1.8 million people are infected each year and HIV remains one of the world's major health issues.
In recent years, people with HIV have benefited from improved access to antiretroviral therapy. However, increased life expectancy and a low immunity have been shown to be more likely to suffer from other illnesses.
The greater the prevalence of age-associated diseases can be explained by the persistent immunodeficiency and inflammation associated with HIV. There are also adverse effects associated with antiretroviral treatment.
Previous studies have also suggested that people with HIV are in developed countries, such as smoking, drug use, and alcohol use.