The number of measles cases in Israel began in March, but three months ago these figures seemed to be much higher than usual. Now, the local health care firm has found that one of the country's most infectious diseases has been seriously ill. This last week led to the death of a 18-month-old boy.
Local conditions are associated with a sharp rise in measles in Europe, but the disease can be "pockets" of people who have not been made in certain cities and surroundings.
What is a beetle?
Virus has been reported for girls morbiolivirus family and many other infectious diseases, affect not only animals, but also people. Although vaccine has been effective against it since 1960, beet is still widespread, and it is one of all infectious diseases, but 90% of them suffer from infection. The virus is very infectious, because it can survive for a long time in the open air: if the disease is coughing, bitter, or when talking, the infected drops are airborne and then other people breathe. After the infection the virus attacks the immune system; it usually incubates for eight to twelve days before symptoms occur.
What are the signs?
Signs and symptoms include high fever, nose, cough, redness, and sensitivity to the light. Four or five days after these symptoms occur (a large number of cases), a dark red rash appears on the skin. It usually begins from the neck and spreads to the surface, to the body and to the legs.
The rash begins as individual spots, but often they become a rash that covers a large area of the body. On the third day following the appearance, the rash begins and looks like a small, dense flowerpot plant – conversation Hebrew, so the Jewish name is mentioned hatred. At this point, the patient usually feels good, but in certain cases the development of the disease varies.
What are the Challenges and Risks?
In addition to being very infectious, beetroder is dangerous because there is no tool to it. Disease can cause pain and damage to the nervous system. About a third of the victims develop middle ear infections, diarrhea, or inflammation. A rare complication that occurs for up to 10 years after infection is the degenerative state of the brain causing harmful and irreversible damage to the central nervous system, including mental disorders and retardation. One in 1000 cases of redness can cause death.
Why is there an outbreak?
Girls are accepted only by the person and there is an effective vaccine to prevent it, the flame is made only by human beings. If the rate of immunization of the population is diminished, all collective immunity will be reduced to uninvolved people called "immune system", which is not vaccinated. Majority of the population is then exposed to the disease and the risk of burns increases.
The source of Israel's current illnesses last year was due to the emergence of fire in various European countries, and also observed a decline in the rate of infusion – frequently visited countries such as Israel, Italy, England, Ukraine and Romania. Since then, the number of European cases has reached 40,000, more than 40 people have died.
However, the situation did not arise because some people were infected abroad and brought the disease home. Israel's overall beetroot-inoculation rate is above 95 percent, but densely populated settlements and neighbors are significantly less likely to be vaccinated. According to the Ministry of Health, in some Jerusalem, for example, the level of vaccination is 55%. As a result, the number of measles cases in the country has increased from 40 cases in 2017 to 1,334 this year.
Is it for the first time in the world of beetrooting against Israel?
In the 1950s, thousands of incidents were recorded each year before the vaccine occurred. Since 1967, treatment has been permanently downgraded several times a year after the introduction of the protocol in the Ministry of Health. However, there were other diseases. For example, in 2003, for example, a 60-year-old girl suffered measles in two weeks, one of them died. The last big torch was in 2008, where more than a few months, 1 452 people were registered, most of them in Jerusalem.
How effective is a beetle vaccination?
Like all other vaccines, measles have two goals: preventing human infections and preventing the spread of the disease and protecting people who can not cure the disease. The two doses of the vaccine, which is part of the protocol, provide 97 percent of the disease. The attack is carried out four times a year, including vaccine, measles, beetroot, beetroot and chicken legs.
What does the Ministry of Health do when opening a herd job?
In the last few months, the health institution has monitored every condition of the infection, hospital, school, or other place of infection. Once the symptoms have appeared and the condition of the disease is suspicious, the patient's blood sample will be sent to the laboratory to determine if there is measles in it; as well as medical teams are in contact with the person, trying to figure out what the vaccine is and how the immune system is. In many cases, the Ministry of Health or hospital doctors urges people to be susceptible to prophylactic treatment.
Each event was more intense when it was a disease. Doctors in Jerusalem, where many measles cases have been registered, make it much more difficult for patients to identify and treat patients. The Ministry of Health is mobilizing efforts to raise the immunization rate in the orthodox region. Natalie's carriage of health services has also provided rounds that make it easier to vaccinate.
What other steps are being taken?
The Ministry of Health has provided non-departmental neonatal care, intensive care, oncology, hemato-oncology, and others. as well as from hospitals that are considered to be more sensitive. In addition, the ministry is considering the prohibition of school children. Now in one year children can be administered for 9 months.
If one is infected with measles, can it be done to reduce its intensity?
Yes, but you need to act right away. In the first resort, preventive measures involve the use of a live antiviral vaccine for 72 hours, but a person who can not get an active vaccine passes a passive antiviral for six days.
When should someone sow or when?
The Ministry of Health has never admitted adult patients who have never been vaccinated or vaccinated twice. Vaccine should be administered in doses at least four weeks. This offer does not apply to people born before 1956.
The Ministry also advises parents that the second dose should not be expected until the school age, but it is advisable to advise parents that they can drink immediately after four weeks of the first dose. The ministry also reports that people traveling abroad for questioning about immunity are vaccinated, regardless of whether it takes two weeks to leave the vaccine before leaving Israel. If they are traveling with a child aged 6 to 11 months, the child must first shoot before leaving.
People born in Israel between 1957 and 1977 are considered to be unbublished or partially vaccinated since only one vaccination has been used during these years, and all people have been rejected. Such people are recommended now for treatment.
To whom should I vaccinate?
According to the Ministry of Health, the following people can not be vaccinated: pregnant women; Person with high temperature; a person who has an allergic reaction to the previous vaccine; a person with sensitivity to one of the components of the vaccine; and people with serious immune systems.