In order to prevent influenza, it is important to protect people from the misconceptions about infectious viral infections in the cold months, not just because of the ability to work in everyday life, but even from life. Chief Disease Officer of the Ministry of Health Uga Dumps explains the most common myths about influenza.
No myths 1 "Strong immunity is enough to prevent influenza"
"Most people are exposed to the influenza virus, regardless of the degree of weakness or weakness of the general immunity. It is important to have a specific immune response to the influenza virus after the sham or the vaccination. If a person finds a new type of influenza virus, the risk of developing a disease is high. The new influenza virus, which affects many people, is still in the years that are called pandemic, "Dumps said.
"If someone thinks I'm not infected with flu, as I get vitamins and an athlete and he should know – that does not work." Death or immature diseases have a significant impact on specific immunity and human genetic characteristics, and are associated with increased stress, fatigue, diet, unbalanced diet, overheating and cooling. In turn, the severity of influenza is determined by several factors, including the body's response.
"Because of the strong immunity, the body is too active to respond to the influenza virus, and inflammatory processes can give rise to clear symptoms of the flu, which means it is painful. But usually in these cases, the patient cures with strong immunity, "explains Dumps.
No myths 2 "Flu vaccine may be harmful to health"
There is no evidence in this statement and is not scientifically justified, on the contrary, research is a reliable and effective vaccine. Vaccination can cause temporary reactions – malaria, swelling and pain in the site for two days.
Consequently, it is safe to say that vaccine is the safest way to prevent the spread of flu. "The cost of the vaccine is calculated by comparing costs with treatment costs and other economic costs related to the illness, such as the use of a sick leave sheet. Every year, people in Latvia are able to protect the vaccine, "Dumps says.
No myth 3 "Pregnant flu vaccine is particularly dangerous"
On the contrary! Pregnant women are at a very high risk, and vaccination is especially recommended for them, and the state compensates the cost of purchasing a 50% flu vaccine for pregnant women.
"Influenza is very dangerous for influenza women because of the high temperature, which adversely affects the development of the fetus and threatens pregnancy. At any stage of pregnancy, it has been shown that pregnant women can be vaccinated, which does not negatively affect the newborn.
On the contrary, the child receives the required proteins of the infected mother. Doctors who have been treated by the intensive care unit of a flu-infected pregnant woman never want to repeat such practices in their practice. If you need to get pregnant because of the flu because of the intensive care unit, scary! "Says. The cause of influenza.
Myth No 4 "Vaccination does not make sense because it is not known what kind of influenza virus this year will be"
Influenza virus changes so much that every year, during the preparation of the new influenza season, various viral variants are investigated in different regions of the world and what changes have been made in the structure of these viruses. In this regard, the World Health Organization makes recommendations for the vaccine for the next season in the northern and southern hemispheres.
Occasionally, a flu vaccine may still be infected with influenza, especially if it is an elderly person or a person who can break the immune system.
Flu vaccine may not always be protected from the disease, but it reduces the need for influenza-related complications and mortality, and this is the most effective preventive measure.
No myth 5 "Influenza can only be infected once a year"
People are infected with the most common influenza virus, or they dominate at that time and territory. After influenza influenza, the human being becomes an influenza immune. The influenza season lasts from November to May, and may range from a variety of influenza viruses to seasonal reptiles, especially those that are not vaccinated since the vaccine is protected from at least three or four of the most common influenza viruses.
As a rule, the influenza epidemic begins in the second half of January and children return to "viral sites" after the holiday, and the infection spreads rapidly to other populations.
There is no myth 6 "After the first signs of influenza, people are infected"
No – The flu infected one day before the symptoms of the disease begin to detect the virus – fever, loss of bone, dry cough, neck disease, weakness and loss of appetite. It should be remembered that hospitalized persons are divided into ordinary people or underestimated symptoms because they attend educational institutions, workplaces and other public places.
The virus spreads in the form of small drops, infected rot, cough, even in the form of talk or contact-shaker or home-related substances. The infection can be very simple, for example by holding the door handle and rubbing your nose or mouth with your hands. When you get to the airline, the virus goes away quickly, and after a few days or even several hours a person gets sick. To reduce the spread of the infection, it is necessary to wash your hands, clean rooms, especially avoid public places during the influenza epidemic.
The material was prepared by the Ministry of Health and the Center for Disease Prevention and Control, in the public awareness campaign "Do not resist influenza!" The purpose of the campaign is to stimulate the population to vaccinate influenza and to explain the importance of vaccination to people who are at high risk of influenza-related complications.