Antibiotics-resistant bacteria are not only life-threatening, but also affect healthcare systems: annual expenditure by 2050 in each OECD country is around $ 3.5 billion. It can reach the dollar. published on Wednesday.
"These bacteria are more expensive than influenza, AIDS, tuberculosis, and even if states do not try to solve this problem, they are even more costly," public health expert Michel Cechini told AFP. OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development).
According to him, the countries spend about 10% of the budget for healthcare on antibiotics-resistant bacteria.
According to the report, 36 resistant bacteria in 36 OECD countries may kill 2.4 million people in Europe, North America and Australia by 2050.
In a study published on Monday in The Lancet Infectious Diseases magazine, in the European Union, 33,000 deaths from these bacteria have been reported in 2015.
However, according to the OECD, it is possible to fight "simple measures": "good hygiene promotion" (for example, by helping to wash hands), "stop antibiotic overdose" or to determine whether the infection is viral (in this case antibiotics is useless) or bacterial Summarize diagnostic tests.
According to the OECD, these measures will prevent $ 2 per person per year and three quarters of deaths.
"Large public health programs, covering some of these measures, can be written off within a year and cost $ 4.8 billion annually. The dollar will save money, "OECD said.
Health authorities warn the World Health Organization (WHO) about the danger of over-infectious antibiotics that are constantly causing acute malignant bacteria. Small children and older people are particularly at risk.
"In Brazil, Indonesia and Russia, 40-60% of infections are on average 17% resistant to OECD countries.
And worryingly, "In 2030, the resistance to the second or third antibiotics is expected to be 70% higher". These antibiotics should be used as the last resort in the absence of another solution.