The new space era begins.
Or at least NASA thinks it is.
More than 40 years after the last flight of the Moon, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) sends back to the moon … and beyond.
Orion, Developed jointly with the European Space Agency will be a legendary journey that seeks to navigate the cosmos to Mars and other hidden places of the "deep space".
After several years of testing, the capsule took the last pulse to start work on Friday: the module developed by the Airbus provides its power, engine, heat control, air and water.
NASA first uses a built-in device in Europe According to experts, the "international cooperation in the space industry", as well as the scale of the project.
According to the American Space Agency, although the original launch of Orion's flight mission, the purpose of launching the cosmonauts into the space is to create a fleet of expeditions to Aydan.
Although not the actual dates of the first human expedition, it is believed that it will take place at the beginning of the tenth year of 2020.
According to Jan Vorner, head of the European Space Agency, a "new way" of space travel and "new look" to the moon.
If the expedition ends, Orion will be The crew is intended to transport the crew after a person has reached space for more than half a century.
Orion, space hunter
NASA has a long and intensive way of designing, manufacturing and testing a spacecraft that is keen to launch a new space century.
The original idea came out in 2011 Constellation project, The idea of returning George W. Bush to the Moon, and the fact that Barack Obama's government did not have a budget because of lack of funds.
However, NASA continued to develop the capsule.
Although the first project was designed to accommodate up to six people in their missions to Orion, their number dropped to 4 and one of the two main modules was given to ESA (this Friday at Cape Canaveral).
According to NASA's description, the five-meter diameter, 21-tonne capsule design takes the main elements from the Apollo command module, the well-known mission ships that have received the Moon astronauts between 1969 and 1972.
However, the Orion Space Agency's technology and capabilities allow for the most advanced and long-range space missions.
The crew along the plane can travel for up to 21 days without the need for new rules, and in the idle state – up to 6 months of public utilities.
According to NASA, the survival of the crew in the final stage will be ensured by other space modules.
This week, NASA has checked one of the most revolutionary features of spacecrafts: a module that combines parachutes and retro-missiles or airbags to restore capsule when land is returned.
According to the agency, the similar mechanism used by the Soyuz capsule Soyuz capsule or the Chinese Shenzhen will eliminate the cost of using the fleet, as it is on Mercury, Twin or Apollo flights.
Another feature is that it is partially reused for the crew module, which can be used for up to 10 flights, which reduces costs and allows the creation of a fleet of these devices.
In addition, the ship can serve the space station, its design allows it to automatically connect to other cars, but as a safeguard, the pilot can maneuver in team and emergency situations.
New Space Era
When he landed in the last month of 1972, he was soon traveling to the moon or lost interest.
But in recent years there have been many public and private initiatives that make not only satellites, but also ambitious plans, many of which are based on technology downsizing and production of spacecraft.
China, for example, plans to land in 2018, and Russia declares that it will ship by 2031.
At the same time, many private initiatives are currently looking for a space business model, from the production of mineral resources on the ground to the sale of subterranean stones as precious stones.
And, apparently, the United States does not want to lag behind.
The American space agency has for several years argued that there is another reason for the return to the Moon.
NASA believes that the return of a person knows the science of the moon and will allow this industry to apply new technologies.
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