Timely recognition of these disorders is very important.
What is dyslexia?
This is a disorder of development that involves specific learning disorders, in particular reading. Despite the child's intelligent abilities, he has a problem with learning to read, understanding the text, and writing it properly.
The most common cause is genetic predisposition (40% of the dyslexic parents have dyslexia), exogenous factors (perinatal, perinatal or postpartum period – to the birth, post-natal and post-natal period).
It is important to know that children with dyslexia are not foolish or lazy. The main focus of the problem is the functioning of the brain. People who are exposed to dyslexia learn as people who do not read different parts of the brain. For this reason literacy is a big issue.
Children learn how to communicate their writing / speech in their own written form. In this regard, dyslexia is a major problem. Reading does not work automatically, because children with dyslexia have problems decoding words and letters, they assign them to the audio form, and then to read it inevitably.
Although the diagnosis of this disorder requires a complex and complex psychologist, parents can cope with the illness if the baby is thoroughly aware of it.
If your child has such a problem, find pedagogical and psychological counseling:
- One of the first warning signals is slow speech development. The child knows little or little about his age.
- There is a problem linking phonemes and graphs – the visual form of the letter is associated with its conclusion. It is not clear which one of the alphabetic sound is going to sound (see B, and now read it out loud, it's a big problem.
- He is studying at a much lower level than an academic degree, he says.
- While reading aloud, short phrases are often missed.
- In many cases, there is a misbehaving of words or similar sounds.
- There is a problem with giving a visual form to a word (this knife instead of a knife).
- It is a problem, but it does not have the same meaning as words.
- It's hard to know the rhythm of the two words.
- New words are hard to learn and colors are hard to deal with.
- The rhetoric of his rhythm is a problem.
- He reads slowly, does not like reading aloud, and difficult to understand reading texts because of difficulties in decoding letters and words.
- Playing the text is difficult. Even if he is a fairy-tale reader, he may not be the subject of the story.
- They may have difficulty using the appropriate word. For a long time, he looks for a phrase that he or she wants to use and is often wrong and can be used correctly.
- Written text can mistype one word.
- There is also a problem of seeing (sometimes even listening) differences and similarities in his words and letters.
- These alphabetical characters are distorted by their position – eg inverted forms (b, d).
- Frequently misses or adds words in letters.
- It is difficult to comprehend the humorous character and statements that are symbolic.
- It can not distinguish hollows, soft / hard rings (dt), or short or long tones.
- It is difficult to identify the correct words and words in the sentence.
- He has a problem of storing short stories (if you ask him to bring books, scrapbooks and pencils, he always brings one, not one).
- You can twist right / left.
- Layers may be complicated – involving social situations or speaking "reading".
- It is difficult to know which word we are leaving (if you say "train" and what we'll take if we remove the letter).
- It is difficult to learn a foreign language.
Motivation and support are important
The child struggles with dyslexia all his life. Therefore, knowing the difficulties is not the source of stress. Parents should strive to motivate the child and not to abandon the child's initial failures.
It also helps parents take the following steps to share their experiences with her everyday:
- The child is good at playing. If you go to the store, try to play it: how much food that starts with its name (called Peťko, it can be found in peppermint, rectangular, orange …)
- Write letters from the paper, capture them, and try to make them related words.
- Make the most of your child by using words. Ask what word you have, and if the cats get the word, then sell it. (words can be made, they are meaningless, it is important to teach them the sounds of letters).
Tip – the child goes faster in this disorder, and if it does not have a stress but feels your patience and support, you will be able to make progress.