Jürg Bollhalder, what is antibiotic resistance to patients?
Many bacterial infections are commonly used in broadband antibiotics. Antibiotics that act against the majority of rotating bacteria that cause disease. Accordingly, if the patient is suffering from pathogenic infections, these drugs will not work and the infection will deteriorate. This may lead to the death of the patient regardless of highly specialized medicine. At present, around 1 million people die from such infections all over the world. Scientists expect a considerable increase in this number over the next few years.
How antibiotic resistance develops?
There is a good example of evolution: high selective pressure, thanks to a large number of antibiotics, can help bacteria survive, which can not be damaged by mutations, ie by the random genotype changes, the active substance. These bacteria survive and increase. Bacteria can substitute their resistance for the problem to deteriorate. This means that antibiotics do not affect other types of bacteria.
Do you have any antibiotic antiviral?
We have encountered problems with Uri's GP because it is being treated in the "most difficult conditions" in the hospital. However, doctors at Uri Cantonal Hospital have repeatedly encountered several drug-resistant pathogens. In particular, people hospitalized abroad can always have bacteria resistant to them. For this reason, they should be isolated to prevent them from furthering.
What do you think as a family doctor?
First of all, I ask myself if there is a bacterial infection. For respiratory infections, for example, only 1 in 10 cases is bacterial. After the infection has been turned into bacteria, administer the right antibiotic for a long time in the correct dose.
What can anyone do to prevent the further spread of antibiotics?
The most important message I think is that many infections are caused by viruses and are treated without antibiotics. Antibiotics only work for bacterial infections. When evaluating the need for an antibiotic, doctors should be trusted. It is very important that the antibiotic doctor is accepted as you have been told. (Pd / ECA)