Diabetes mellitus – the lifetime of human life is a serious illness, which can affect any person.
It is estimated 422 million people They live on diabetes all over the world, four times more than 40 years ago World Health Organization (WHO) .
Diabetes mellitus occurs when the body can not process all of the blood sugar and glucose.
Glucose is not bad, it is the fuel of all the cells in the body.
In order to use this glucose, some tissues require insulin action which is the hormone produced by the pancreas, which makes it easier for glucose to penetrate into the cell and thus turns glucose into energy.
Complications of diabetes can lead to heart attack, heart attack, blindness, renal insufficiency, and lower limb amputation.
Despite the risks, people with diabetes do not know much. But lifestyle changes can be avoided in many cases.
We examine what is happening on BBC Mundo, which is celebrated on November 14, World Diabetes Day People often question Google about diabetes and We asked three experts.
1) What are the first symptoms of diabetes? ¿ Y in children?
"Typically, the doctor warns the patient that there are 2 types of diabetes, based on laboratory tests of blood sugar levels. Most patients with type 2 diabetes do not have symptoms. The most common type of type 1 diabetes mellitus is very high.
Fatigue, thirst, hunger, excessive urine, blurred vision and weight loss can be ". Victor Monory, an endocrinologist of diabetes in the Mayo Clinic in the United States.
"Children often have diabetes mellitus. Symptoms are usually very intense and short-term: intense thirst, weight loss, frequent urination, and fatigue, which usually cause sleepiness. " – José Augustine Meza Pérez, an Endocrinologist and President of the Latin American Diabetes Association.
"Over the past decade, type 2 diabetes mellitus has increased in children and adolescents, and has been associated with obesity and habits." – Dr. Fabiana Vázquez is a member of the Argentine Diabetes Society.
2) How dangerous is the blood sugar level?
"The normal level of blood sugar levels is about 70 to 100 milligrams (mg / dl) a day." After nutrition, these values are elevated but insulin rapidly revert to normal range (usually 180 mg / dl, stored for more than 2 hours and over 2 hours) High values are toxic to the cells and can be repeatedly repeated, which can continually damage the nerves of the kidneys, eyes, nerves of the heart and legs. "
"In the long term, if the values are high, it affects the entire body, so people with diabetes should increase blood glucose from 70 to 180 mg / dl per day." – Dr. Fabiana Vázquez is a member of the Argentine Diabetes Society.
"Patient with type 2 diabetes may suffer dehydration when the sugar level exceeds 200 mg / dl, but without any other problems people can maintain high levels of sugar levels, such as 300 mg / dL, and the risk is high and requires attention. «- Victor Monory, an endocrinologist of diabetes in the Mayo Clinic in the United States.
"We also have to talk about values, and people with diabetes have some complications, even when eating and drinking, they should not be lower than 70 mg / dl". – José Augustine Meza Pérez, an Endocrinologist and President of the Latin American Diabetes Association.
3) What are the differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes?
"There are 4 types of diabetes mellitus classification, but actually appear on the 1st or 2nd types. Type 1 usually occurs in young people under the age of 30 and there is no hereditary history of diabetes. "
"Usually it has acute symptoms." Type 2 diabetes is usually found in adults over 40 years of age, which is associated with weight or obesity, in men at 80 cm and 90 cm in the home, it is associated with other triglycerides, high blood pressure and other risk factors such as fatty liver. «- José Augustine Meza Pérez, an Endocrinologist and President of the Latin American Diabetes Association.
"Proper use of insulin type 1 diabetes (heavy and expensive work) offers these patients unlimited life prospects". Patients with type 2 diabetes mild, with diet, exercise, stress therapy and medication (tablets, injections, insulin), which can be controlled by abnormalities. «- Victor Monory, an endocrinologist of diabetes in the Mayo Clinic in the United States.
4) Does diabetes treat? Is this avoidable?
"Diabetes mellitus can not be cured, but it is well controlled, it can lead a normal life, I do not know who will have diabetes, or how to avoid diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a very clear trigger and keeps it healthy, healthy and balanced diet and stable physical exercise prevents or forbids the occurrence of people with genetic predisposition. «- Dr. Fabiana Vázquez is a member of the Argentine Diabetes Society.
"Pancreatic transplantation is an aggressive alternative, which in many cases resolves the insufficiency of insulin in Type 1 diabetes." – Victor Monory, an endocrinologist of diabetes in the Mayo Clinic in the United States.
"There is no need to be careful about liars and charlaters who promised you, but this is a very strictly controlled chronic illness, a previously diagnosed and risk-free factor, and other complications. « – José Augustine Meza Pérez, an Endocrinologist and President of the Latin American Diabetes Association.
5) What diabetes leads to?
"There is no food that diabetes can not develop, and the deceased is forced to save energy and achieve a mechanism for saving insulin before it can survive."
"Over time, there was a problem with high availability of food: the energy consumption and nutrition that started with industrial development, but also canned foods. Calories increased in fatty tissue, liver and other structures, such as diabetes, obesity, malignant tumors, and so on. . such as the development of chronic diseases. – José Augustine Meza Pérez, an Endocrinologist and President of the Latin American Diabetes Association.
"The adequate consumption of vegetables (raw, boiled and different colors) and fruits can affect the natural antioxidants that help dietize and prevent diabetes."
"The fat-rich diet, particularly rich in carbohydrates (sugar) and ready-made foods, has been linked to the possibility of developing Type 2 diabetes. The cause of the high frequency of type 2 diabetes in children. « Dr. Fabiana Vázquez is a member of the Argentine Diabetes Society.
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