Antibiotic resistance is a global health threat. As a result of drug-resistant bacterial infections, 700,000 people die every year in the world. Annually, about 33,000 people die in the European Union and the European Economic Area, and this figure is constantly increasing.
Most of the same microbes (for example, bacteria, viruses, mushrooms, parasites) affect the environment and animals, and 60% of all human diseases come from animals. These microbes can have an impact on people when developing a drug resistance to animals that complicates the treatment of diseases and infections.
"The health of humans, animals and the environment is responsible for the proper use of antimicrobial drugs and the prevention of microbial resistance," said Giusanna Jakab, WHO Regional Director for Europe. "We are trying to ensure that antibiotics are used properly in the community and in the field of health, and one industry can not solve this problem. The concept of "one health" combines experts in the field of human, animal, food and environment as a single force and is the only way to work with antibiotics. I call on all European countries to ensure that society and the government are the highest responsibility for that approach. "
"As a result of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, 33,000 deaths and 1 billion USD annually are spent on annual medical care. In Europe, antibiotics must be carefully used and preventive measures are taken in all cases in Europe, "said Andrea Ammon, Director of the European Center for Prevention and Prevention (ECDC). She said: "Since antibiotic resistance and antibiotic consumption, as well as the anti-inflammatory drug experience are from country to country, it is important to develop strategies to address specific needs. The ECDC is calling on all levels to continue ".
This year, the World Health Organization celebrates the 4th annual World Antibiotic Day, which aims to establish closer cooperation in the spirit of "One Health" in the field of human health, human health and the environment.
One voice for one health
For the World Antibiotic Awareness Week in 2018, WHO / Europe urges governments to use or strengthen the One Health method by the Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Organization for Animal Health (WHO).
The situation is prompt for a number of reasons:
- Antimicrobials are widely used in animal husbandry, sometimes helping to develop growth, sometimes not to treat animal, but to prevent infection. Excessive use of antimicrobials can lead to increased drug resistance among microbes.
- The same type of antimicrobials is commonly used in humans and in foodstuffs.
- The food chain is an important part of the spread of the disease and requires close monitoring and coordination to prevent its spread.
All this shows that the single sector is unable to resolve the growing problem of antimicrobic resistance, but collective action will help the world achieve it. "Unified Health Care" means coordination of actions in all sectors such as health, veterinary and environmental protection – achieving good health for all species. This means that resistant microbes do not know the boundaries – they can easily go from animals to humans and spread over a geographical location.
An effective way to protect human health is to reduce the possibility of resistance between microbial animals. Many governments stop using antibiotics as a plant promoter and as a preventative measure in cattle breeding, and now only use healthy antimicrobials for healthy animals. Countries that have already done so call for the use of antibiotics' reserve lists, which are vital for human and veterinary health, when needed. This antimicrobial resistance helps prevent antibiotics and prevent them from working for humans and animals.