Saturday , January 28 2023

The ancient "super-zero" eclipter has found a nearby star's orbit


The nearest star of the Sun is like a huge, glaciated planet.

Astronomers have discovered evidence of a cold-blooded world in the world. Barnard's star is massive around the Earth around 3.2 times, with 6 light years from sunlight. Barnard's Star is our closest neighbor. Apart from the six-centimeter Alpha Centauri, it is about 4.3 light years.

Barnard remains the newest known planet star in the world called Star B. However, researchers who have noticed it are convinced that a strange planet will finally be confirmed. [Barnard’s Star b: What We Know About the “Super-Earth’ Candidate]

Ignasi Ribas of the Catalonia Institute of Space Studies and the Spanish Space Science Institute say that "after a careful analysis, we are 99 percent sure that the planet exists.

"But we will continue to exclude the incredible, but incredible, natural, brightness that can turn into a masquerade like this super-motionless star," said Star Barnard's star. This study was published today in the journal Nature (November 14).

New impressions of the artist

If Barnard is confirmed by Star b, there will be no closest exoplanet for Earth. This designation is based on Proxima Centauri, a middle-sized Land of Proxima b, which turns into an orbit from the Alpha Centauri Trio.

NASA's Kepler space telescope has shown that small planet in the Saryagaz galaxy is widespread. In addition, Proxima b and Barnard & nbsp; s are such worlds as "our neighbors are widespread," says Joanna Tesse, the author of the Earth Magnetism Department at the Carnegie Institute in Washington, DC. – And it is very interesting.

The sun closest to the neighbor

Barnard's Star American astronomer EE Named after Barnard, which determined the speed of Ribas in 1916. None of the stars in the sky in the sky will pass quickly, as the snake's width is 180 years, according to Barnard Star. [Gallery: The Strangest Alien Planets]

This incredible motion – the Barnard star and its high (but not-in) speed depend on the distance of 310,000 miles per hour (500,000 km / h).

ORGANIZATION: 2018 Space calendar:


2018 space calendar

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January 1, 2: Sverdlovsk / Full Wolf Moon

The moon is the closest to the Earth in the new year and is much more common than the usual and differs from the "Supermoon".

Also, any first full moon will be different from the "Full Wolf Month". The term was persuaded by the Americans in January for wolf-wolfs that they often hear outside of their village.

Photo: Matt Cardi / Getty Images

January 3, 4: Quadrantids Meteor shower

Quadrantid, the meteorite known to produce 50-100 meteors at the highest peak, is the first large meteor shower in 2018.

Unfortunately, the full-length light lasts for most of the show.

Photo: NurPhoto / Getty Images by NurPhoto

January 31: Total Lunar Eclipse / Blue Moon

The Blue Moon is the period of the second full month of the month for more than one month.

The January blue oil also coincides with a whole whole leak.

Photo: REUTERS / Mike Hutchings

February 15: Partial Solar Eclipse

This type of sun eclipse appears only when the Sun emerges from the shadows covering only part of the Sun.

On February 15, partial solar eclipse appears in parts of South America and Antarctica. Those wishing to accept it should wear special protective eyewear.

Photo: REUTERS / Tatiana Makeyeva TPX DAILY

March 2: Wave moon

Another term called native "full moon" is the first full month of March.

As the temperature is hot, the ground begins to soften and the soil begins to grow again through the soil.

Photo: NICHOLAS KAMM / AFP / Getty Images

March 15: Mercury reaches the Greater East

On March 15, the Mercury will reach its peak longest exposure to its solar radiation (ie, the highest point in the horizon).

This planet looks much better than usual.

Photo: Royalwich Observatory Greenwich, London

April 22, 23: Lyrid Meteor Shower

The meteor shower from Lyrid, which normally produces about 20 meteorons per hour, reaches the peak between April 22 and 23,

Photo: Ye Aung Thu / AFP / Getty Images

April 30: Full pink lunge

The "full pink moon" is another term invented by American parental tribes.

In April, the weather will begin to warm and the moon will be full of flowers to find its beautiful name.

Photo: Ben Birchall / PA images via Getty Images

May 6, 7: Eta Aquarid Meteor Shower

Halley's Meteoric skiing peak at the Eka Watercolors, with the dust left behind by Comet, can reach up to 60 meteors per hour.

In the southern hemisphere, the northern chess players will allow the weather to be allowed.

Photo: NASA

May 9: Jupiter reaches the opposition

On May 9, the gaseous gases will make the closest view to the Earth, which will be more vague than any time of the year.

Photo: Getty Images is a universal archive of history

May 29: Full Flower Moon

In the beginning of May, as usual, when the flowers were fully blossomed, American tribes were named after that name.

Picture: REUTERS / Navesh Chitrakar TPX DAYS

June 27: Saturn reaches the opposition

Saturn looks closer to the Earth on June 27th, which is much easier than any of the year.

Photo: NASA / JPL-Caltech / Institute for Space Research / REUTERS

28 Jun: Full strawberry oil

Last spring stars, like stars, can be expected to be bigger and lively, but in contrast to her name, she is not red.

The strawberry season reaches its peak in June, which allows the first full moon of the month to find its tasty title.

Photo: Matt Cardi / Getty Images

July 13: Partial Solar Eclipse

This type of solar eclipse appears only when the Sun emerges from the shadows that cover only part of the Sun.

July 13 is partial eclipse in South Australia and parts of Antarctica. Those wishing to accept it should wear special protective eyewear.

Photo: REUTERS / Mal Langsdon TPX DAYS

July 27: Mars reaches the opposition

You've been thinking about it – Mars will take the closest look at the Earth on July 27th, which will be more clear than any time of the year.

Photo: Distribution via NASA / Reuters

July 27: Full Buck Moon

The full month of July was named as the "full moon" with American tribes because this year appeared when men began to breed new horns.

Photo: REUTERS / Carlo Allegri

July 28, 29: Total Lunar Eclipse

The eclipse of the moon occurs when the moon passes through the shadow of the Earth and looks at the moon in dark red.

The moon eclipse in July is seen in North America, East Asia, and Australia.

Picture: REUTERS / Kacper Pempel

August 11: Partial Solar Eclipse

This type of sun eclipse appears only when the Sun emerges from the shadows covering only part of the Sun.

Partly sunshine will be observed on August 11 in Canada, Greenland, northern and eastern parts of northern Europe. Those wishing to accept it should wear special protective eyewear.

Photo: REUTERS / Samrang Pring TPX DAYS

August 12, 13: Perseid Meteor Shower

Pneids, composed of dust particles left behind by Swift-Tuttle Comet, can reach up to 60 meteors per meteor shower.

On the night of August 12, the thinnest months of the month make suitable viewing conditions for the sky to appear in the world.

Photo: REUTERS / Paul Hanna

August 17: Venera reaches great east

Venera takes the closest look at the Earth on August 17, which is more clear than any time of the year.

Photo: Photo12 / UIG Getty Images

August 26: Full sturgeon oil

The full month of August this month overcame the difference between American tribes, as it is particularly advantageous for sturgeon fishes this month.

Photo: Pradita Utana / GetPhoto by NurPhoto

September 7: Neptune reaches the opposition

Neptune's approach to the Earth is closer to September 7th, and it is clearer and vigorous than any time of the year.

However, because of the distance from the Earth, the blue planet can only appear as a small dot for those who use telescopes.

Photo: Time Life Pictures / NASA / LIFE Picture Collection / Getty Images)

24 September, 25: Full Collection Month

The name "Harvest Moon" goes to the full moon, which is closest to the annual autumn equilibrium.

Photo: Santiago Vidal / LatinContent / Getty Images

October 8: Dragonite meteor shower

21R Giacobini-Zinner The daconitus dust particles, left behind the spacecraft, produce about 10 meteors per hour at the top of the meteor shower.

However, on the night of October 9, the new moon will make perfect shower conditions for the world to appear.

Photo: NASA

October 21, 22: Orionid Meteor Shower

Another ghost of the Galilean star, Orionids, is likely to be at least partially blocked by the full moon light on October 21.

Photo: Yuri Smityuk TASS Getty Images

October 23: Uranium reaches the opposition

Uranus has the closest view of the Earth, making it vivid and clearer than any other year of the year.

Unfortunately, it's so far from Earth that it does not seem to be a powerful telescope.

Photo: Time Life Pictures / Jet Propulsion Laboratory / NASA / LIFE Photo Collection / Getty Images

October 24: Full Hunter's Moon

The full month of October was named "Full Hunter's Oil" by the American tribes of Nile, as the leaves /

Picture: PA Wire / PA images

November 5, 6: Taurides Meteor Shower

Taurids are a small, meteor shower that produces only 5-10 meteors per hour.

Photo: NASA

17 November 18: Leonid Meteor Shower

Leonid meteorological bathing produces approximately 15 meteors per hour, coming out of the levers.

Photo: Ali Jarekji / Reuters

November 23: Full Beaver Moon

In the month of November, their names were given by American tribes, who hoped to catch the snake's snake's snake for months.

Photo: Matt Cardi / Getty Images

December 13, 14: Geminids Meteor Shower

Known as the 3200 fayton-based asteroid, the Geminiet meteor shower is one of its most magnificent types of garbage.

The show can reach 120 meteors per hour and will be visible on the night of December 13 at the entire planet.

Picture: REUTERS / Navesh Chitrakar

21 December, 22: Ursids Meteor Shower

At the back of Tuttle Comet, the daconite drift particles reach the top of the meteor shower, bringing about 10 meteors an hour.

Unfortunately, the full month of December 22 may create unfavorable conditions for a small show.

Photo: REUTERS / Daniel Aguilar DA / LA

December 22

Not surprisingly, the full month of December was cold and winter after the American tribes.

Photo: Matt Cardi / Getty Images



Barnard's star brings us closer every day: in about 10,000 years, the red dwarf gets the nearest star mantle from the Alpha Centauri system. At that time, 3.8 light years are separated from Barnard & # 39; s Star.

The star of Barnard is about twice as high as the Earth, about a sixth of an array, and only about 3 percent of the Earth's surface. As Barnard's star is so dark, his "living space" – the range of possible distances in the world of liquid water – is very close. Indeed, researchers believe this region is a gateway from 0.06 AU to 0.10 AU. (One AU or astronomical unit Earth-Sun distance – about 93 million miles or 150 million kilometers.)

The concept of a residential area is certainly difficult. Assessing the true lifestyle of the world requires the presence of atmospheric composition and thickness among its other attributes. Such information is extremely difficult to exaggerate.

Long search

Barnard Star has long been a target of hunting for hunters, but their tracks are always free.

It was not easy to find a new one: Ribas and his team analyzed a large amount of archived and newly collected data, eventually dumping Barnard & # 39; s Star.

They used the "radial velocity" method to search for star changes from the orbital planet's gravitational tube. These towers strike a bit of a star, its brightness sometimes shifts to the red wavelength and moves to another color like the Earth on the blue. [7 Ways to Discovery Alien Planets]

"We have created the largest and most widely used data collection tool for these radionum-velocity research and monitored the 20-year scale with seven different tools," said Ribas. "The total of all the data has reached a total of 771 measurements – a great deal of information!"

Such a method of determining such a cosmic planet's radar velocity has never been found on an unprecedented orbit. (Large, nearby planets enhance their ownership and thus dramatically and easily identifiable, resulting in easy replacement.)

These seven tools are the High Accuracy Radar Searching Tool (HARPS) at the La Silla Observatory in the European Southern Observatory (ESO) in Chile; ultra-violet and visual torque spectroscopy on a very large telescope; ESO paranoid observatory in Chile; On the Galileo national telescope in Canales, HARPS-North; Keck in Hexa, a high-resolution echolle spectrometer with a 10-meter telescope; The Spectrum of the Carnegie's Planet's Finding is on the 6.5-m Magellan Telescope at Las Campanas Observatory in Chile; An automated planet search tool on a 2.4 m telescope at the California Lik Observatory; and CARMENES at the Calar Alto Observatory in Spain.

The researchers have also identified other possible plan tips in the system, which is not far from Barnard's star, orbital 6,600 Earth Day. But this is the second sign that the planet is considered a weak candidate, says Teske.

"There is not enough data available," said.

Cold super-earth

Barnard Starb has at least 3.2 times larger than our planet, much larger than the Earth, but smaller worlds, such as Neptune and Uranus, can be "super-zero".

Candidate for the newly discovered planet, reaching 0.4 AU, completes one orbit on its 233 Earth days.

This orbital distance radiated Mercury is similar to our own solar system. However, Barnard's Star is very dark, so the potential planet is located in a zone where the "snow line" of the system can become a solid substance, such as porous materials.

Rodrigo Dias, a scientist from the Institute of Astronomy and Space Physics, at the National Research and Research Council of Argentina's Buenos Aires University, said: "Until now, only remote planets have been discovered." He has also published an article entitled "News and Views" published today in Nature.

"Discovery of the planet's lower planets in the vicinity of snow, strongly hinders the formation of models for this type of planet," added Diaz, who did not participate in new studies.

Barnard's Star B, in fact, is a very promising place for life, not at least on the surface. The potential planet is probably very cold, about Fahrenheit (minus 170 degrees Fahrenheit) to a minus 275 degrees Celsius.

As Dias notes, Barnard's Star B can not be obtained from additional radial velocity measurements. However, as the space agency has developed the spacecraft "Guy", the actual dimensions of the star positions can work in the next few years, "he said.

According to Diaz, "the next generation of surface installations to be launched in 2020 should be capable of directly depicting the planet and measuring its light spectrum."

"Using this spectrum can be used for the atmosphere of the planet, such as wind and speed of rotation," he said. That miraculous planet can therefore be one of the first mass exothermals of the atmosphere, which has an important part in the formation and evolution of the planets. "

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